The groundhog



The fauna and flora of Andorra is very varied. Just stroll through some of the valleys and mountains of the Principality and soon we will see how each area presents a very diverse ecosystem. However, there are some species that we can find in more than one space and that have our hearts stolen, such as marmots. These small rodents with an affable face and a chubby body usually give us a stuffed appearance, but we cannot forget that they are wild animals and therefore behave as such.

Marmots are closely related to squirrels, although they are larger in size and, unlike their relatives, are of terrestrial habits. Their thick fur and body fat make them easily adapt to the cold, they usually live around the age of 15, and generally live in families made up of a couple and their young in burrows that they themselves build.


As for food, they are herbivores. They feed on herbs, wild berries, roots... Alone weigh about 8 kilograms and reach sexual maturity when they are two years old. They are mammals and the gestation of the offspring is around five months. However, childbirth is a bit more complicated, as it can last between four and five days. They also tend to spend quite a bit of time in their burrow during hibernation, which usually lasts for seven months.

Two characteristic features of marmots are their sociability and the great variety of sounds they use to communicate with each other, especially when they want to warn of any danger or predator. Its main enemies are the raven, the owl and the golden eagle.