The manufacture of tobacco, a production full of tradition and of great economic weight


The main economic engine in Andorra today is tourism, but until recently the country’s economy was heavily dependent on tobacco production. A large part of the inhabitants of the Principality were dedicated to this sector and were responsible for carrying out an elaborate manufacturing force and full of tradition.

The original production process consisted of seven steps that were done manually: first of all the planting and cultivation of the tobacco leaves had to be done, once the harvest was harvested, the leaf was cleaned and selected according to its quality. Then, the fermentation began, which consisted of grouping the leaves into bunches and placing them in piles of five thousand or seven thousand kilograms. These batteries were moistened periodically to eliminate the acidity of the plant. The process was repeated two or three times to ensure correct fermentation of the tobacco.


Once the fermentation was done, the mincing was done. At first, the grinding of the leaves was done manually, but with the industrial evolution, this was one of the first processes to be mechanized and gained a lot of speed in its realization. Depending on the type of click, he got a sting or a scallop. The bite occurred when the leaf was cut in a square shape and mixed with different types of tobacco according to the product to be obtained. While if the blade was cut in the form of threads, the escafarlata was obtained. To this product different aromas were added to give a certain flavor or smell.

After mincing, the product to be marketed (tiles or pills, cigarettes or cigarettes and cigars) was manufactured. And once you had the production, you would pack it up. A good part of the production was packaged in bales and sold to smugglers.

Today, these processes are still in place but are done in a mechanized way.